Introduction to TCM

Basics of TCM

  • Yin-Yang | Five Elements

Zang-Fu Theories

  • Zang Organs | Fu Organs

Classification of Antineoplastic Herbal Medicines

Characteristics of Herbal Medicines


  • By Auscultation & Olfaction
  • By Inspection


Theories of Channels (Meridians) and Collaterals

Reference: A Modern View of the Immune System

Differentiation of Syndromes

  • 8 Principles
  • 6 Channels 4 Stages
  • Syndromes of Zang-Fu Organs


  • Exogenous | Pestilential
  • Pathogenic Factors
  • Emotional

Materia Medica

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TCM Materia Medica (Chinese Herbal Database) - Disclaimer

The information that is available at or through this site is not intended directly or by implication to either diagnose or treat any medical, emotional, or psychological condition or disorder. It is always recommended that consultation with local health care providers be obtained for specific health or medical concerns.

Chinese Herb List

There are currently 116 herbs in this materia medica. The names listed below are of the following format: Pharmaceutical Name, Common Name (Pin-yin Name).

Last update: October 28, 2012

Cortex acanthopanacis

Common name: Acanthopanax bark (Wujiapi)

Cortex ailanthi

Common name: Ailanthus bark (Chunpi)

Cortex dictamni radicis

Common name: Dittany bark (Baixianpi)

Cortex erythrinae

Common name: Erythrina bark (Haitongpi)

Cortex meliae radicis

Common name: Chinaberry bark (Kulianpi)

Cortex mori

Common name: Mulberry bark (Sangbaipi)

Cortex moutan

Common name: Moutan bark (Mudanpi)

Cortex phellodendri

Common name: Phellodendron bark (Huangbai)

Fructus Amomi kravanh

Common name: Round cardamom seed (Baidoukou)

Fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae

Common name: Bitter cardamom (Yizhiren)

Fructus arctii

Common name: Arctium fruit (Niubangzi)

Fructus aristlochiae

Common name: Birthwort fruit (Madouling)

Fructus chaenomelis

Common name: Chaenomeles fruit (Mugua)

Fructus citri

Common name: Citron (Xiangyuan)

Fructus citri sarcodactylis

Common name: Finger citron (Foshou)

Fructus corni

Common name: Dogwood fruit (Shanzhuyu)

Fructus evodiae

Common name: Evodia fruit (Wuzhuyu)

Fructus forsythiae

Common name: Forsythia fruit (Lianqiao)

Fructus hordei germinatus

Common name: Germinated barley (Maiya)

Fructus jujubae

Common name: Jujube (Dazao)

Fructus kochiae

Common name: Broom cypress fruit (Difuzi)

Fructus ligustri lucidi

Common name: Grossy privet fruit (Nuzhenzi)

Fructus mori

Common name: Mulberry (Sangshen)

Fructus mume

Common name: Black plum (Wumei)

Fructus quisqualis

Common name: Quisqualis fruit (Shijunzi)

Fructus schisandrae

Common name: Schisandra fruit (Wuweizi)

Fructus tribuli

Common name: Tribulus fruit (Baijili)

Fructus tritici levis

Common name: Light wheat (Fuxiaomai)

Fructus tsaoko

Common name: Tsaoko (Caoguo)

Fructus viticis

Common name: Chastetree fruit (Manjingzi)

Germma agrimoniae

Common name: Agrimonia bud (Hecaoya)

Herba andrographitis

Common name: Green chiretta (Chuanxinlian)

Herba aristolochiae mollissimae

Common name: Hairy birthwort (Xungufeng)

Herba artemisiae scopariae

Common name: Oriental wormwood (Yinchenhao)

Herba cirsii segeti

Common name: Small thistle (Xiaoji)

Herba coriandri

Common name: Coriander (Husui)

Herba dianthi

Common name: Pink (Qumai)

Herba elsholtziae

Common name: Elsholtzia (Xiangru)

Herba eupatorii

Common name: Eupatorium (Peilan)

Herba lycopi

Common name: Bugleweed (Zelan)

Herba polygoni avicularis

Common name: Common knotgrass (Bianxu)

Herba portulacae

Common name: Portulaca (Machixian)

Herba seu flos schizonepetae

Common name: Schizonepeta (Jingjie)

Herba siegesbeckiae

Common name: Siegesbeckia (Xixiancao)

Herba spirodelae

Common name: Spirodela (Fuping)

Herba taraxaci

Common name: Dandelion herb (Pugongying)

Herba violae

Common name: Viola (Zihuadiding)

Radix angelicae dahuricae

Common name: Dahurian angelica root (Baizhi)

Radix astragali

Common name: Astragalus root (Huangqi)

Radix bupleuri

Common name: Bupleurum root (Chaihu)

Radix chuanxiong

Common name: Chuanxiong rhizome (Chuanxiong)

Radix curcumae

Common name: Curcuma root (Yujin)

Radix cyathulae

Common name: Cyathula root (Niuxi)

Radix cynanchi paniculati

Common name: Paniculate swallowwort root (Xuchangqing)

Radix dichroae

Common name: Dichroa root (Changshan)

Radix dipsaci

Common name: Teasel root (Xuduan)

Radix ephedrae

Common name: Ephedra root (Mahuanggen)

Radix et rhizome stauntoni

Common name: Swallowwort rhizome (Baiqian)

Radix euphorbiae seu knoxiae

Common name: Peking spurge root (Daji)

Radix glehniae

Common name: Glehnia root (Shashen)

Radix ledebouriellae

Common name: Ledebouriella root (Fangfeng)

Radix lithospermi seu arnebiae

Common name: Arnebia (Zicao)

Radix morindae officinalis

Common name: Morinda root (Bajitian)

Radix notoginseng

Common name: Notoginseng (Sanqi)

Radix ophiopogonis

Common name: Ophiopogon root (Maidong)

Radix paeoniae rubra

Common name: Red peony (Chishao)

Radix peucedani

Common name: Peucedanum root (Qianhu)

Radix platycodi

Common name: Platycodon root (Jiegeng)

Radix polygalae

Common name: Polygala root (Yuanzhi)

Radix pseudostellariae

Common name: Pseudostellaria root (Taizishen)

Radix rehmanniae

Common name: Fresh rehmannia root (Shengdihuang)

Radix rhapontici seu echinopsis

Common name: Globethistle (Loulu)

Radix rubiae

Common name: Rubia root (Qiancao)

Radix salviae militiorrhizae

Common name: Red sage root (Danshen)

Radix scrophulariae

Common name: Scrophularia (Xuanshen)

Radix sophorae flavescentis

Common name: Flavescent sophora root (Kushen)

Radix stellariae

Common name: Stellaria root (Yinchaihu)

Radix stephaniae tetrandrae

Common name: Tetrandra root (Fangji)

Radix trichosanthis

Common name: Trichosanthes root (Tianhuafen)

Rhizoma alismatis

Common name: Alismatis rhizome (Zexie)

Rhizoma arisaematis

Common name: Arisaema tuber (Tiannanxing)

Rhizoma cibotii

Common name: Cibot rhizome (Gouji)

Rhizoma cimicifugae

Common name: Cimicifuga rhizome (Shengma)

Rhizoma cyperi

Common name: Cyperus tuber (Xiangfu)

Rhizoma dioscoreae

Common name: Dioscorea (Shanyao)

Rhizoma dioscoreae hypoglaucae

Common name: Hypoglauca yam (Bixie)

Rhizoma dryopteris crassirhizomae

Common name: Basket fern (Guanzhong)

Rhizoma homalomenae

Common name: Homalomena rhizome (Qiannianjian)

Rhizoma imperatae

Common name: Imperata rhizome (Baimaogen)

Rhizoma ligustici

Common name: Ligusticum root (Gaoben)

Rhizoma phragmitis

Common name: Reed root (Lugen)

Rhizoma sparganii

Common name: Burreed tuber (Sanleng)

Rhizoma zedoariae

Common name: Zedoary (Ezhu)

Rhizoma zingiberis

Common name: Dried ginger (Ganjiang)

Rhizoma zingiberis recens

Common name: Fresh ginger (Shengjiang)

Rhizome polygonati

Common name: Siberian solomonseal (Huangjing)

Semen allii tuberosi

Common name: Chinese chive seed (Jiuzi)

Semen astragali complanati

Common name: Flattened milkvetch seed (Shayuanzi)

Semen biotae

Common name: Arborvitae seed (Baiziren)

Semen coicis

Common name: Coix seed (Yiyiren)

Semen cucurbitae moschatae

Common name: Pumpkin seed (Nanguazi)

Semen cuscutae

Common name: Dadder seed (Tusizi)

Semen dolichoris

Common name: Hyacinth bean (Biandou)

Semen ginkgo

Common name: Ginkgo seed (Baiguo)

Semen juglandis

Common name: Walnut seed (Hutaoren)

Semen lepiddi seu descurainiae

Common name: Lepidium seed (Tinglizi)

Semen malvae

Common name: Abutilon (Dongkuizi)

Semen myristicae

Common name: Nutmeg (Roudoukou)

Semen nelumbinis

Common name: Lotus seed (Lianzi)

Semen phaseoli

Common name: Phaseolus seed (Chixiaodou)

Semen pruni

Common name: Bush-cherry seed (Yuliren)

Semen raphani

Common name: Radish seed (Laifuzi)

Semen sesami

Common name: Black sesame seed (Heizhima)

Semen sinapsis seu brassicae

Common name: White mustard seed (Baijiezi)

Semen vaccariae

Common name: Vaccaria seed (Wangbuliuxing)

Semen zizyphi spinosae

Common name: Wild jujube seed (Suanzaoren)

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With over 3000 years of experience, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has remain one of the many fascinating areas in ancient Chinese culture. First known to be documented in the Yellow Emperor's Canon of Medicine, TCM is believed to have been practised in as early as 475 to 221 B.C. The field of working knowledge of TCM stretches from anything related to general healthcare practice to the philosophy of the mind, the logic of life, religion, and even to as far as cosmology and astronumerology. This is why in order to thoroughly understand the concepts behind TCM, one must be comprehensive in learning and embracing the Chinese culture as a whole.

Just as Douglas Hoff put it when he explained about accupuncture, "The systems of TCM uses the concepts of elements and meridians and are completely immersed in the Asian cosmology which takes shape through the religions." The meridian-brain mechanism, the fundamental working concept of acupuncture, in which the pain block from the message that the needle or burning cone of herbs gives to the point of stimulus, was only found centuries later by the West through science and technology.


Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA Thank you for visiting this TCM and acupuncture information website. If you have previously been to this website, you might have noticed that some of the pages on ancient historical ideas and holistic thinkings related to Chinese metaphysics are temporarily taken offline. This is because I will be revamping the whole website and be moving those information into a new \"Ancient Chinese Culture\" section so as to reflect a more current perspective on the interpretation of some of the fundamental concepts as well as to include some of the latest information in the area. But if you have just found this website for the very first time, I welcome you again and wish you could find what you require and, hopefully, you could also be benefitted from reading the articles I published on this website.

Please be patient and do come and check out this website frequently as it's being revamped.

Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA FRSA FRSPH

March 28, 2020.


This website is published, edited and designed by Raymond Cheng, and reflects only and only his personal views and opinions in his individual capacity. The information available at this website is not intended directly or by implication to either diagnose or treat any medical, emotional, or psychological condition or disorder. It is also not intended to create a physician-patient relationship between you and I or between you and Wyith Institute™ and The Office of Dr Raymond K K Cheng. The information here is not a substitute for advice and treatment provided by your physician or by another healthcare professional. It is always recommended that consultation with local healthcare providers be obtained for any of your specific health or medical concerns. Furthermore, any products that can be purchased (yet you can see I don't have much to sell here) through advertisers' banners or through links to other websites are not either explicitly or implicitly given any warranty or endorsement by me, my colleagues, Wyith Institute™ or any of its associated businesses.