TCM101: Basics of Traditional Chinese Medicine
The Yin-Yang and Five Element Theory
The theories of Yin-Yang and the Five Element were the creation and
development of the ancient Chinese through their long and faithful
tradition of observing nature's cycles and changes. The theory says that
wood, fire, earth, metal, and water are the basic substances
constituting the material world. These five basic substances are
considered an indispensable part of daily life. However, due to dynamic movement
and the mutual antagonism of yin and yang factors, the material world
that is made up of the Five Elements is thus in a constant state of flux.
The ancient Chinese applied these two major set of theories in the
medical field to explain the physiological activities and pathological
changes of the human body, and to serve as a guide to the clinical treatment
on the basis of syndrome differentiation (and I will come to explain this
in much greater detail in the sections to come). These theories have
become an important component of framework of traditional Chinese medicine.
More about Yin-Yang Theory and
Five Elements Theory.
Qi, Blood, and Body Fluid
Qi, blood, and body fluid are fundamental substances of the human
body which sustain the normal physiological functions of the zang-fu
organs and tissues.
Read more on Qi or Chi,
Blood and Body Fluid