Introduction to TCM
Basics of TCM
• Yin-Yang | Five Elements
• Zang Organs | Fu Organs
Classification of Antineoplastic Herbal Medicines
Characteristics of Herbal Medicines
• By Auscultation & Olfaction
• By Inspection
Theories of Channels (Meridians) and Collaterals
Reference: A Modern View of the Immune System
Differentiation of Syndromes
• 8 Principles | 6 Channels 4 Stages
• Syndromes of Zang-Fu Organs
• Exogenous | Pestilential | Emotional
• Pathogenic Factors
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Qi or Chi
The character qi denotes a dynamic essence characterized by both
substance and function. For example, clean qi, turbid qi, and the
qi transformed from the essence of food are substantial qi,
while the qi of the heart, liver, spleen, kidney, stomach, and
the qi of the channels and collaterals are functional qi.
The classification of qi in the human body varies with its
distribution, origin, and function.
1. Primary Qi (yuan qi)
Primary qi is the most important and fundamental qi originating
from the congenitalessence. It is nourished and replenished by the
fundamental substance of food after birth. Primary qi is also known
as the qi of the kidney, and is distributed to the whole body via the
sanjiao functions. It arouses and promotes the activities of the
zang-fu organs and tissues. If primary qi is congenitally deficient
or exhausted due to chronic disease, then various pathological changes
2. Aggregative Qi (zong qi)
This is the combination of inhaled clean qi through the lung with
the fundamental substance qi of food digested and absorbed by the
stomach and spleen. Aggregative qi is accumulated in the chest and
has the function of nourishing the lung and the heart, thus
promoting respiration and blood circulation.
3. Nutrient Qi (ying qi)
Nutrient qi originates from the essential substance of food
transformed by the spleen and stomach. It is the component part
of blood flowing throughout the body. The Suwen states, "Nutrient
qi is actually the essential qi transformed from food and water."
While in the Lingshu it is recorded:
The nutrient qi is secreted by the body fluid, circulates in the
blood vessels, and is transformed into blood to nourish the four
extremities, the five zang and six fu organs.
4. Defensive Qi (wei qi)
Defensive qi is mainly derived from the essential substances of food
and water which form a part of the human body's yang qi. It
circulates outside the vessels mainly spreading through the muscles
and skin. Its physiological functions are (1) defending the body
surface against the invasion of exogenous pathogenic factors,
(2) warming and nourishing the tissues and organs, and (3) adjusting
the opening and closing of the pores.
WHAT IS TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE?|
Photo © Image DJ Image Dictionary
With over 3000 years of experience, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has
remain one of the many fascinating areas in ancient Chinese culture.
First known to be documented in the Yellow Emperor's Canon of Medicine,
TCM is believed to have been practised in as early as 475 to 221 B.C.
The field of working knowledge of TCM stretches from anything related to
general healthcare practice to the philosophy of the mind, the logic of life,
religion, and even to as far as cosmology and astronumerology. This is why
in order to thoroughly understand the concepts behind TCM, one must be
comprehensive in learning and embracing the Chinese culture as a whole.
Just as Douglas Hoff put it when he explained about accupuncture, "The systems
of TCM uses the concepts of elements and meridians and are completely immersed
in the Asian cosmology which takes shape through the religions." The meridian-brain mechanism,
the fundamental working concept of acupuncture, in which the pain block from the message
that the needle or burning cone of herbs gives to the point of stimulus,
was only found centuries later by the West through science and technology.
MESSAGE FROM THE EDITOR – OCTOBER 2012
Thank you for visiting this TCM and acupuncture information website.
If you have previously been to this website, you might have
noticed that some of the pages on ancient historical ideas and
holistic thinkings related to Chinese metaphysics are temporarily taken offline.
This is because I have recently started to revamp the whole website
so as to reflect a more current perspective on the interpretation
of some of the fundamental concepts as well as to include
some of the latest information in the area.
But if you have just found this website for the very first time, I welcome you again and
wish you could find what you require and, hopefully, you could also be benefitted
from reading the articles I published on this website.
Please be patient and do come and check out this website frequently as it's being revamped.
Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA FRSA FRSPH
March 28, 2014.
IMPORTANT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER|
This website is published, edited and designed by Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA
and reflects only and only his personal views and opinions
in his individual capacity.
The information available at this website is not intended
directly or by implication to either diagnose or treat any
medical, emotional, or psychological condition or disorder.
It is also not intended to create a physician-patient relationship
between you and I or between you and The Commentary Limited.
The information here is not a substitute for advice and treatment provided
by your physician or by another healthcare professional.
It is always recommended that consultation with local healthcare providers
be obtained for any of your specific health or medical concerns.
Furthermore, any products that can be purchased (yet you can see I don't have much
to sell here) through advertisers' banners or through links to other websites
are not either explicitly or implicitly given any warranty or endorsement
by me, my colleagues, The Commentary Limited or any of its associated businesses.