Auscultation and Olfaction
Auscultation (listening) and olfaction (smelling) are two methods
used to diagnose a disease.
Listening to the Voice
Speaking Voice: Generally, speaking in a loud and sonorous voice
indicates syndromes of heat or shi type, while a feeble, low voice
indicates syndromes of the cold or xu type.
Disordered Speaking: Speaking incoherently and loudly or
deliriously indicates shi syndrome. Speaking verbosely, feebly,
and intermittently indicates syndromes of the xu type. Muttering
to oneself denotes qi deficiency of the heart. Stuttering speech
suggests upward disturbance of wind-phlegm.
Listening to the Respiration
Feeble Breathing: Feeble breathing accompanied by shortness of breath
usually indicates xu syndromes.
Coarse Breathing: Forceful breathing with a coarse voice belongs
to the shi heat type syndromes. Asthma with feeble, short breathing
is a category of xu type asthma.
Listening to the Cough
Course coughing usually indicates shi type syndromes. A low cough
with weak breathing indicates xu syndromes.
Foul breath is due to pathogenic heat in the stomach, indigestion,
caries, and an unclean mouth. Sour breath indicates food accumulation
in the stomach.
The offensive smell of a secretion or excretion including stool,
urine, sputum, pus, leukorrhea, etc., usually indicates heat syndromes
of the shi type. A stinking smell usually indicates cold syndromes
of the xu type.
Palpation is a method of diagnosis using the hand to touch, feel,
and press certain areas of the body to ascertain the patient's
disease condition. Generally there are two types: Pulse Feeling and
Read more on Inquiring.