Introduction to TCM
Basics of TCM
• Yin-Yang | Five Elements
• Zang Organs | Fu Organs
Classification of Antineoplastic Herbal Medicines
Characteristics of Herbal Medicines
• By Auscultation & Olfaction
• By Inspection
Theories of Channels (Meridians) and Collaterals
Reference: A Modern View of the Immune System
Differentiation of Syndromes
• 8 Principles | 6 Channels 4 Stages
• Syndromes of Zang-Fu Organs
• Exogenous | Pestilential | Emotional
• Pathogenic Factors
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Fire Heat and Mild Heat
Fire, heat, and mild heat are yang pathogenic factors. They are of
the same nature but differ in intensity. Fire is the outcome of
extreme heat. Mild heat is the least severe. These types of heat
are sometimes termed pathogenic fire-heat or pathogenic mild heat and
are characterized by an upward flaring and damaging of yin, with a
tendency to disturb the blood system. The following are some special
Fire is characterized by upward flaring
Clinical manifestations are fever, thirst, profuse sweating, etc. If pathogenic fire travels inward to attack the mind, it causes irritability, anxiety, insomnia, or even mania, unconsciousness, and delirium in severe cases. Since pathogenic fire is likely to flare upward, the clinical manifestations may be mostly on the head and facial regions, such as a swelling and pain of the gums due to extreme stomach fire, ulcers of the tongue and mouth, headache, and redness, pain and swelling of the eyes.
Pathogenic fire is liable to consume yin fluid
Manifestations are fever, aversion to heat, accompanied by thirst with desire for drinks (especially cold drinks), dryness of throat and mouth, constipation, yellowish urine, etc.
Pathogenic fire may disturb the blood and cause extravasation
Mild cases will only have rapid pulse due to acceleration of blood circulation. In severe cases, the blood vessels and collaterals may be damaged, manifesting various hemorrhagic symptoms, such as vomiting of blood (hematemesis), nose bleeds (epistaxis), blood in the urine or stool, excessive menstrual flow, skin eruptions, external boils and ulcers, etc. The common syndrome caused by fire (heat) at the early stage is exterior-heat syndrome.
Main clinical manifestations: fever, mild aversion to cold, headache, sore throat, thirst, yellowish urine, dry stool, red tip and sides of the tongue, superficial and rapid pulse, etc. These symptoms are due to the invasion of fire (heat) on the body surface which consumes body fluids.
This concludes the discussion of the effect of the six exogenous pathological factors on the body. In general, these factors first damage the body surface and then manifest an exterior syndrome with the symptoms of fever and aversion to cold.
More about the other Exogenous Factors:
WHAT IS TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE?|
Photo © Image DJ Image Dictionary
With over 3000 years of experience, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has
remain one of the many fascinating areas in ancient Chinese culture.
First known to be documented in the Yellow Emperor's Canon of Medicine,
TCM is believed to have been practised in as early as 475 to 221 B.C.
The field of working knowledge of TCM stretches from anything related to
general healthcare practice to the philosophy of the mind, the logic of life,
religion, and even to as far as cosmology and astronumerology. This is why
in order to thoroughly understand the concepts behind TCM, one must be
comprehensive in learning and embracing the Chinese culture as a whole.
Just as Douglas Hoff put it when he explained about accupuncture, "The systems
of TCM uses the concepts of elements and meridians and are completely immersed
in the Asian cosmology which takes shape through the religions." The meridian-brain mechanism,
the fundamental working concept of acupuncture, in which the pain block from the message
that the needle or burning cone of herbs gives to the point of stimulus,
was only found centuries later by the West through science and technology.
MESSAGE FROM THE EDITOR – OCTOBER 2012
Thank you for visiting this TCM and acupuncture information website.
If you have previously been to this website, you might have
noticed that some of the pages on ancient historical ideas and
holistic thinkings related to Chinese metaphysics are temporarily taken offline.
This is because I have recently started to revamp the whole website
so as to reflect a more current perspective on the interpretation
of some of the fundamental concepts as well as to include
some of the latest information in the area.
But if you have just found this website for the very first time, I welcome you again and
wish you could find what you require and, hopefully, you could also be benefitted
from reading the articles I published on this website.
Please be patient and do come and check out this website frequently as it's being revamped.
Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA FRSA FRSPH
March 28, 2014.
IMPORTANT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER|
This website is published, edited and designed by Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA
and reflects only and only his personal views and opinions
in his individual capacity.
The information available at this website is not intended
directly or by implication to either diagnose or treat any
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It is always recommended that consultation with local healthcare providers
be obtained for any of your specific health or medical concerns.
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